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What are the tiebreakers in the Champions League group stage?

We go over the tiebreaker rules in the group stage of the Champions League.

AC Milan v Paris Saint-Germain: Group F - UEFA Champions League 2023/24
A general view of the UEFA Champions League logo in the stadium prior to the UEFA Champions League match between AC Milan and Paris Saint-Germain at Stadio Giuseppe Meazza on November 07, 2023 in Milan, Italy.
Photo by Valerio Pennicino - UEFA/UEFA via Getty Images

As the 2023-24 Champions League enters Matchday 5 of the group stage, it’s a good time to refresh the tiebreaker rules in the event two teams finish even on points. Here’s a look at what those tiebreakers are.

The first tiebreaker is points in games played by the teams in question against each other. This is essentially head-to-head points. Teams play each other twice in the group stage, so there’s a chance one team has the advantage here. If teams are tied on head-to-head points, the next tiebreaker is head-to-head goal differential. Chances are if the teams are tied on points, they are going to be tied on goal differential as well. The third tiebreaker is goals scored in head-to-head games.

If teams are still tied, the next tiebreaker is goal differential in the group stage as a whole. Chances are, this will end the tie. If this doesn’t end the tie, the next tiebreaker is goals scored in all group stage matches. The next tiebreaker is away goals in group stage matches. If teams are somehow still tied after these measures, the next set of rules are group stage wins and group stage away wins.

The next tiebreaker is disciplinary record and the final tiebreaker is UEFA coefficient, which is an all-encompassing metric the association assigns to each club based on overall track record. The tiebreaker rules should never get to this point unless every single group stage match ends in draws of the same score with no disciplinary actions across the board.